Calorie restriction and other longevity techniques


""Calorie restriction is pretty much the only thing out there that we know will not just prevent disease but also extend maximal life span," says Dr. Marc Hellerstein, a nutritionist at the University of California, Berkeley, who studies the biological effects of fasting." (http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1963392_1963366_1963381,00.html)


"Instead of reducing the portion size, people tend to switch to low-calorie, high-satiety diets — lots of fruits, vegetables and fiber — that help quell hunger. "It's a lot of normal food," says Rachel Murray, another CALERIE volunteer. "You just have to plan what you're eating."

[However] There are some side effects as well: it's harder to maintain a very active lifestyle on a restricted diet, and libido often ebbs." ((http://www.pdazzler.net/2010/05/16/calorie-restriction-diet/)


"Sex and hunger are regulated through the brain chemical NPY, which decreases metabolism and increases appetite. Some have observed that having healthy sex could help you control your food intake (by satisfying one appetite center, you seem to satisfy the other). So having safe, healthy, monogamous sex could help you lay off the double-cheeseburgers." (http://ask.doctoroz.com/question/sex-hunger-common)

"Exercise has also been shown to increase health and lifespan and lower the incidence of several diseases. Calorie restriction comes into conflict with the high calorie needs of athletes, and may not provide them adequate levels of energy or sufficient amino acids for repair, although this is not a criticism of CR per se, since it is certainly possible to be an unhealthy athlete, or an athlete destined to die at a young age due to poor diet, stresses, etc. Moreover, in experiments comparing CR to exercise, CR animals live much longer than exercised animals.[60] " (http://en.wikipedia.org)

Alternate day calorie restriction - "Evidence from the medical literature suggests that ADCR in the absence of weight loss prolongs lifespan in humans" (http://en.wikipedia.org)

Low impact exercise - i.e. not running: "When you exercise, focus on low or no impact activities like yoga, bike riding, hiking, swimming and pilates instead of jogging. At the end of the day, we’re all fighting the cartilage-clock. Overtime, cartilage that pads the joints wears down and wears out, and once you get bone on bone contact, that’s when the pain starts. The best solution is to focus your workouts on activities that don’t put large amounts of pressure or pounding on joint cartilage." (http://www.bluezones.com/move/301-run-repeat-hip-replace-)

Make your Cubicle Healthier:

10 Ways to live longer
  1. Don't oversleep
  2. Be optimistic
  3. Have more sex
  4. Get a pet
  5. Get a VAP
  6. Be rich
  7. Stop smoking
  8. Chill out
  9. Eat your antioxidants
  10. Marry well " (http://blogs.howstuffworks.com/2007/10/09/continued-10-most-incredible-things-to-do-before-you-die/)

"People who sleep between six and seven hours per night were shown to live the longest. " (http://www.forbes.com/2006/04/28/cx_vg_0501featslide2.html)

ANTIOXIDANTS: "Antioxidants, special substances that are found in foods ranging from cinnamon and cloves to blueberries and artichokes, have the ability to scavenge free radicals, compounds whose unstable chemical nature accelerates the effect of aging on our cells."

CONSCIENTIOUSNESS: "Those low on adult conscientiousness died sooner," Friedman concluded. Conscientiousness does not mean looking both ways before crossing the street; it means looking both ways when the light turns green so you don't accidentally run down some slow-moving pedestrian. Beyond that, a conscientious person's long-living qualities probably have to do with the fact that they are predisposed to constructively reacting to emotional and social situations, and are more likely to create work and living environments that promote good health. (http://www.ivillage.co.uk/health/hlive/style/articles/0,,181167_583851-4,00.html)

"Get on with your mother: A study by the Harvard Medical School found that 91 per cent of people who weren't close to their mothers developed a serious disease - high blood pressure, alcoholism and heart disease - by midlife. Only 45 per cent of participants who said they had close relationships with their mothers developed these serious illnesses." (http://www.wherefirstmeansmore.com/pdfs/newsletter_10-09.pdf)

Causes of death in the US: http://longevity.about.com/od/longevity101/tp/mortalityall.htm

The study found five factors linked to surviving past 90:
  • Non-smokers were twice as likely to see 90 as smokers.
  • Diabetics had an 86% increase in a chance of death before 90.
  • Obese people had a 44% increase in the chance of death before age 90.
  • High blood pressure increased the death threats before 90 by 28%.
  • Men who exercise reduced their death risk before 90 by 20 to 30% (depending on how much and how often they exercise). (http://longevity.about.com/od/wholiveslongest/a/longevity_life.htm)

More Vitamin D - i.e. go outside more (during daylight hours): http://longevity.about.com/od/liveto100/ss/life-expectancy.htm




Further ideas [as of November 28th 2010]

  • “The real goal isn’t to avoid inevitable illness or breakdown. The goal is to recover from them faster and better.”(http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1963392_1963369,00.html)
  • Many of the Centenarian-rich regions - Okinawa, ~Spain~, some religious community in California, and Sardinia and Nova Scotia - are all close to the ocean. They’re fishing - or at least coastal - communities. Maybe things go slower there. Maybe it’s the air. Maybe just a constant supply of fish.
  • Health Checkups seem to be the best response to a lot of these problems.
  • Relaxing, Community, Siestas - these are the three things that I need to do/have, which I’m inhibited from doing (because of time commitments, arrangements at work/home, care factor). As a result, every time that these get mentioned in some longevity article, I censor it from my notes (which is unfortunate).
  • Eating slowly comes up in the Okinawan diet quite a bit. (http://longevity.about.com/od/specialconditions/ht/forkdown.htm). Also, try using chopsticks, so that you are forced to take your time to eat and pace yourself.
  • As testimony to the importance of avoiding stress in life: consider that the death rate amongst young people is attributed almost equally to suicide (13%) as it is homicide (15%). Put differently, we have as much chance of killing ourselves as being killed. (Of course, accidents, mostly traffic accidents (33%) are at the top of the list.) (http://longevity.about.com/od/longevity101/tp/mortalityyoung.htm

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